The three major problems in the spice industry in the central and western counties
Spices are important food additives in the food industry. In recent years, the spice industry in the central and western counties of China has achieved rapid development and played a very important role in promoting local economic development, increasing employment rate, and promoting the development of the food industry. However, there are also many problems in the spice industry in the central and western counties. The main performances are: lack of scientific and technological innovation, low product quality, and increased environmental protection pressure.
Relevant persons of the Jinxi County Spice and Fragrance Industry Association of Jiangxi Province believe that only by solving these three problems as soon as possible can we effectively promote the development of the county-level spice industry in China's central and western regions and further promote the development of the county-level economy and food industry in the central and western regions.
In recent years, many regions in the central and western regions of China have actively developed the spice industry and have achieved good results. For example, the spice and flavor industry in Jinxi County, Jiangxi Province has achieved gratifying development performance. At present, there are 32 kinds of spices and fragrance enterprises in Jinxi County, which form four series of products, such as natural spices, synthetic spices and flavors. They can process 9 categories of products such as medlar, medlar, octagonal fennel, Litsea cubeba and lemongrass. There are more than 130 products in total, which are widely used in food, medicine, and daily chemical industries. The county's production scales of clams, pines and firs are among the highest in the country. Among them, the production of tanning spices accounts for more than 70% of the country's total. The production of linalool and camphor powder accounts for 80% of the world's production and sales. More than %, with the right to speak in the market, the main products are marketed in the United States, Japan and the European Union.
Despite the good development performance, there are many problems in the spice industry in the central and western counties of China, which limits the further development of the spice industry. These problems are mainly manifested in the following aspects -
First, there is a lack of professional talents in spices and the ability to innovate in science and technology is not strong Most of the county-level spice enterprises in China's central and western regions are small and medium-sized enterprises. Many enterprises are developed under the establishment, fission and drive of several rural talents. There is a general lack of high-quality technical talents, insufficient investment in technology development, and weak overall innovation ability. . Many companies rely on one or two engineering and technical personnel for technical development work, and their technological development capabilities are weak.
Because most of the county-level spice companies do not have high-level technology research and development centers, the county-level spice industry in China is facing the pressure of innovation difficulties. With the rapid development of science and technology, various new technologies, new processes and new equipment are emerging, and these new technologies, new processes and new equipment will be used more and more in the perfume and fragrance industry. China's central and western regions are economically underdeveloped regions. Most of the counties do not have institutions of higher learning in the field of spices and fragrances, scientific research institutions, and experts and scholars who occupy the forefront of technology. If the spice companies in these counties cannot keep up with the pace of technological innovation in the industry, It will be eliminated, which is an important factor affecting the further development of the spice and flavor industry in the central and western counties of China.
Second, the level of industrial clusters is not high, and high-level products are lacking. China's central and western county spice industry clusters are mainly production and processing agglomeration, lack of internal professional division of labor and cooperation and public service system. The coordinated development of the industry and the industrial chain have not been fully paid attention to. There are different structures of natural and natural fragrance products, and synthetic fragrances lack large scale. There are problems with the production of backbone varieties, and there are not many downstream products for further processing.
International spice giants have created tremendous competitive pressure on the development of the spice industry in the central and western counties of China. At present, the global spice industry market is mainly occupied by several large companies. These international giants have basically established factories in China. These foreign flavor and fragrance enterprise giants have a long history and large scale. With their famous brands and advanced technologies, The large-scale investment and standardized business philosophy are developing at a very fast pace. In the medium and high-end market of Chinese flavor and fragrance, it has become an unshakable subject, leading the trend of the Chinese flavor and fragrance industry. The large share of the medium and high-end products market in China's spice and fragrance industry is occupied by the three-capital enterprises. In the upstream and downstream of the spice and fragrance industry chain, domestic enterprises are under great pressure. Most domestic enterprises can only compete in the middle and low-end markets. This is the domestic spice. The main challenges facing the fragrance industry. This situation will bring great pressure and challenges to the expansion of the spice and fragrance industry in the central and western counties of China.
Third, the investment in environmental protection facilities is insufficient, the industry is under pressure to save energy and reduce emissions, and the space for industrial development is limited. The perfume industry belongs to the fine chemical industry. The problem of “three wastes” is relatively high. Especially in the process of synthetic perfume production, due to the use of many organic chemical reactions and the use of a large amount of toxic and harmful chemical raw materials, the wastewater produced contains a large amount of organic Substances, COD (chemical requirements, organic matter contamination parameters in wastewater) are usually up to tens of thousands of milligrams per liter. The three wastes have large emissions, high chroma, high toxicity, and difficult biodegradation. They are typical high-density refractory organic wastewater, which easily lead to environmental pollution and ecological imbalance.
In the early stage of the development of the spice industry in the central and western regions of China, natural flavors were the mainstay, and environmental protection issues were not prominent. With the increase in the number of synthetic perfume companies, although the company has increased environmental protection investment in recent years, the investment in comprehensive management facilities has lagged, and the overall investment cannot keep up with the needs of development.
The pressure of industry energy conservation and emission reduction will affect the further development of the county's spice industry in the central and western regions of China. With the acceleration of China's industrialization and urbanization, the state will adopt more stringent measures in terms of energy conservation and emission reduction and ecological environmental protection. The purpose is to achieve sustainable economic and social development and scientific and harmonious development. As a fragrance and fragrance industry in the fine chemical industry, its development will be limited in terms of energy conservation, emission reduction and environmental protection.
In order to solve the problems in the development of the spice industry in the central and western counties, relevant persons of the Jinxi County Spice and Fragrance Industry Association of Jiangxi Province believe that effective measures should be taken from various aspects.
First, we must actively carry out technological innovation. Taking science and technology innovation as the central link to promote sustainable development of the industry and enhance core competitiveness, we will actively adopt high-tech and advanced applicable technologies to promote industrial upgrading. It is necessary to use the external talent resources to solve the problem of shortage of professional talents through the eyes, and to focus on the long-term, actively cultivate and introduce talents, and improve the ability of independent innovation.
Second, we must adhere to the principle of equal emphasis on the scale of development and the level of improvement. On the one hand, it is necessary to further expand the scale of the industry, extend the industrial chain, form a complete supporting industrial system, and a collaborative network and service network associated with production linkages, technology linkages, and intangible assets, reduce transaction costs and operating costs, and form a cluster effect. On the other hand, through technological innovation, institutional innovation, management innovation, improve the industry level, strengthen capital operation and effective investment, and vigorously cultivate large enterprises and enterprise groups with independent intellectual property rights, outstanding main business and international competitiveness.
Third, we must adopt a strategy that emphasizes both industrial development and environmental protection. Through the development of the characteristic industry of spices and flavors, the rapid development of the industrial economy of the county is promoted. At the same time, we will highlight the concept of sustainable development, strengthen environmental protection, promote clean production processes, implement clean production demonstration projects, and achieve harmony between industrial development and ecological environment.